1.1. NUTS - Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics

The NUTS is the official division of the EU for regional statistics.

At the beginning of the 1970s, Eurostat set up the NUTS classification as a single, coherent system for dividing up the EU's territory in order to produce regional statistics for the Community. For around thirty years, implementation and updating of the NUTS classification was managed under a series of "gentlemen's agreements" between the Member States and Eurostat.

Work on the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003, to give NUTS a legal status started in spring 2000. This was adopted in May 2003 and entered into force in July 2003.

The regulation also specifies stability of the classification for at least three years. Stability makes sure that data refers to the same regional unit for a certain period of time. This is crucial for statistics, in particular for time-series.

However, sometimes national interests require changing the regional breakdown of a country. When this happens the county concerned informs the European Commission about the changes. The Commission in turn amends the classification at the end of period of stability according the rules of the NUTS Regulation ([3]).

Figure 1.1. NUTS Nomenclatures history

NUTS Nomenclatures history

This figures shows the history of the NUTS nomenclatures (Source: Eurostat).


All the "official" versions of the NUTS nomenclatures are supported by the ESPON Database (versions 2003, 2006, 2010). On top of that, the NUTS 1999 version has been also integrated. In that order, it is possible to query both the datasets produced within the ESPON 2006 Program (datasets available in the NUTS 1999 and the NUTS 2003 version) and the ESPON 2013 Program (datasets available in the NUTS 2006 and 2010 versions).

The NUTS nomenclatures available under the ESPON Database Portal are based on the following reference documents produced by the European Commission:

The heterogeneity (official/non official) and the successive versions of the NUTS nomenclatures (1999, 2003, 2006, 2010) was a major issue to solve in the M4D Project. Indeed, the ESPON Program is characterized by a couple of specificities, which has necessarily an impact on the definition of the "ESPON" NUTS nomenclatures:

For all these reasons, the regional nomenclatures proposed by the ESPON Database Portal at regional level combines "official" and "non-official" regional nomenclatures. The sections below propose for each version of the regional nomenclatures contained in the database:

The contact persons concerning the building of the ESPON NUTS nomenclature are Nicolas Lambert, UMS RIATE () and Ronan Ysebaert ().

1.1.1. ESPON NUTS Version 1999

The following spreadsheet proposes the complete description of the extended ESPON NUTS 1999 classification: nomenclature.xls. See also [4].

This section proposes an overview ot this nomenclature definition: Table 1.1 details the source reference structured by country, the maps in Figure 1.2 show the meshes of this nomenclature version for levels 1, 2 and 3.

Table 1.1. 

Source reference for the ESPON NUTS Version 1999 structured by country

Country Reference document Study area of reference
AT - Austria [4] EU28
BE - Belgium [4] EU28
BG - Bulgaria [8] EU28
CH - Switzerland [8] EU28+4
CY - Cyprus [5] EU28
CZ - Czech Republic [8] EU28
DE - Germany [4] EU28
DK - Denmark [4] EU28
EE - Estonia [8] EU28
EL - Greece [4] EU28
ES - Spain [4] EU28
FI - Finland [4] EU28
FR - France [4] EU28
HR - Croatia [9] EU28
HU - Hungary [8] EU28
IE - Ireland [4] EU28
IS - Iceland [8] EU28+4+CC
IT - Italy [4] EU28
LI - Liechtenstein [8] EU28+4
LT - Lithuania [8] EU28
LU - Luxembourg [4] EU28
LV - Latvia [8] EU28
ME - Montenegro [9] EU28+4+CC
MK - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia [9] EU28+4+CC
MT - Malta [5] EU28
NL - Netherlands [4] EU28
NO - Norway [8] EU28+4
PL - Poland [8] EU28
PT - Portugal [4] EU28
RO - Romania [8] EU28
SE - Sweden [4] EU28
Sl - Slovenia [8] EU28
SK - Slovakia [8] EU28
TR - Turkey [9] EU28+4+CC
UK - United Kingdom [4] EU28

Figure 1.2. ESPON NUTS division 1999 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

ESPON NUTS division 1999 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

An extract of codes has been put on the layer in order to have a global overivew of the differences with the other NUTS versions.


1.1.2. ESPON NUTS Version 2003

The following spreadsheet contains the complete description of the extended ESPON NUTS 2003 classification: nomenclature.xls.

This section proposes an overview ot this nomenclature definition: Table 1.2 details the source reference structured by country, the maps in Figure 1.3 show the meshes for levels 1, 2 and 3.

Please find below a list of the main changes compared to the ESPON NUTS 1999 Version. The complete list of changes is available in the sheet entitled changes of the document nomenclature.xls..

  • Creation of Extra-Regio for each country (code=ATZZZ for instance).

  • Creation of a hierarchical system of code for each country (at NUTS 3 level, "LT" become "LT000").

  • BE: Code change.

  • ES: Code change.

  • DE3/DE4/DE9: Unit merge or split.

  • IT: Code change, merge and split.

  • PT: Code change, merge and split.

  • FI: Code change, merge and split.

  • PL: Code change, merge and split.

  • LV: Code change, merge and split.

  • BG: Code change, merge and split.

Table 1.2. 

Source reference for the ESPON NUTS Version 2003 structured by country

Country Reference document Study area of reference
AT - Austria [5] EU28
BE - Belgium [5] EU28
BG - Bulgaria [5] EU28
CH - Switzerland [8] EU28+4
CY - Cyprus [5] EU28
CZ - Czech Republic [5] EU28
DE - Germany [5] EU28
DK - Denmark [5] EU28
EE - Estonia [5] EU28
EL - Greece [5] EU28
ES - Spain [5] EU28
FI - Finland [5] EU28
FR - France [5] EU28
HR - Croatia [9] EU28
HU - Hungary [5] EU28
IE - Ireland [5] EU28
IS - Iceland [8] EU28+4+CC
IT - Italy [5] EU28
LI - Liechtenstein [8] EU28+4
LT - Lithuania [5] EU28
LU - Luxembourg [5] EU28
LV - Latvia [5] EU28
ME - Montenegro [9] EU28+4+CC
MK - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia [9] EU28+4+CC
MT - Malta [5] EU28
NL - Netherlands [5] EU28
NO - Norway [8] EU28+4
PL - Poland [5] EU28
PT - Portugal [5] EU28
RO - Romania [5] EU28
SE - Sweden [5] EU28
Sl - Slovenia [5] EU28
SK - Slovakia [5] EU28
TR - Turkey [9] EU28+4+CC
UK - United Kingdom [5] EU28

Figure 1.3. ESPON NUTS division 2003 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

ESPON NUTS division 2003 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

An extract of codes has been put on the layer in order to have a global overivew of the differences with the other NUTS versions.


1.1.3. ESPON NUTS Version 2006

The following spreadsheet document contains the complete description of the extended ESPON NUTS 2006 classification: nomenclature.xls.

This section proposes an overview ot this nomenclature definition: Table 1.3 details the source reference structured by country, the maps in Figure 1.4 show the meshes for levels 1, 2 and 3.

Below are listed the main changes with the previous version (ESPON NUTS 2003 Nomenclature). For a complete list of changes, please consult the sheet entitled changes in the document nomenclature.xls.

  • BE333: Split.

  • BG: Code change, merge and split.

  • CZ06: Boundary shift.

  • DK: Code change and split.

  • DEE: Merge of NUTS3 regions.

  • ES530,ES701 and ES702: Split.

  • ITG2: Split of NUTS3 regions.

  • NL222 and NL223: Boundary shift.

  • PL: Code change and split.

  • RO: Code change.

  • Sl: Code change at NUTS3 level.

  • FI191 and FI192: Boundary shift.

  • SE: Code change and boundary shift for SE021 and SE025.

  • UKM1 and UKM4: Boundary shift.

  • IS: Split at NUTS3 level.

Table 1.3. 

Source reference for the ESPON NUTS Version 2006 structured by country

Country Reference document Study area of reference
AT - Austria [6] EU28
BE - Belgium [6] EU28
BG - Bulgaria [6] EU28
CH - Switzerland [9] EU28+4
CY - Cyprus [6] EU28
CZ - Czech Republic [6] EU28
DE - Germany [6] EU28
DK - Denmark [6] EU28
EE - Estonia [6] EU28
EL - Greece [6] EU28
ES - Spain [6] EU28
FI - Finland [6] EU28
FR - France [6] EU28
HR - Croatia [9] EU28
HU - Hungary [6] EU28
IE - Ireland [6] EU28
IS - Iceland [9] EU28+4+CC
IT - Italy [6] EU28
LI - Liechtenstein [9] EU28+4
LT - Lithuania [6] EU28
LU - Luxembourg [6] EU28
LV - Latvia [6] EU28
ME - Montenegro [9] EU28+4+CC
MK - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia [9] EU28+4+CC
MT - Malta [6] EU28
NL - Netherlands [6] EU28
NO - Norway [9] EU28+4
PL - Poland [6] EU28
PT - Portugal [6] EU28
RO - Romania [6] EU28
SE - Sweden [6] EU28
Sl - Slovenia [6] EU28
SK - Slovakia [6] EU28
TR - Turkey [9] EU28+4+CC
UK - United Kingdom [6] EU28

Figure 1.4. ESPON NUTS division 2006 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

ESPON NUTS division 2006 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

An extract of codes has been put on the layer in order to have a global overivew of the differences with the other NUTS versions.


1.1.4. ESPON NUTS Version 2010

The following spreadsheet contains the complete description of the extended ESPON NUTS 2010 classification: nomenclature.xls.

This section proposes an overview ot this nomenclature definition: Table 1.4 details the source reference structured by country, the maps in Figure 1.5 show the meshes for levels 1, 2 and 3.

Below are listed the main changes with the previous version (ESPON NUTS 2006 Nomenclature). For a complete list of changes, please consult the sheet entitled changes in the document nomenclature.xls.

  • DE4, DED, DEA2: Code change and merge.

  • EL: Code change.

  • ITD, ITE, ITF, ITC4: Code change and boundary shift.

  • NL33: Boundary shift.

  • FI13, FI18, FI1A: Merge of units at NUTS3 level and code change.

  • UKD2, UKD5, UKE43, UKF23, UKG34, UKG35, UKH22: Code change and boundary shift.

Table 1.4. 

Source reference for the ESPON NUTS Version 2010 structured by country

Country Reference document Study area of reference
AT - Austria [7] EU28
BE - Belgium [7] EU28
BG - Bulgaria [7] EU28
CH - Switzerland [9] EU28+4
CY - Cyprus [7] EU28
CZ - Czech Republic [7] EU28
DE - Germany [7] EU28
DK - Denmark [7] EU28
EE - Estonia [7] EU28
EL - Greece [7] EU28
ES - Spain [7] EU28
FI - Finland [7] EU28
FR - France [7] EU28
HR - Croatia [10] EU28
HU - Hungary [7] EU28
IE - Ireland [7] EU28
IS - Iceland [9] EU28+4+CC
IT - Italy [7] EU28
LI - Liechtenstein [9] EU28+4
LT - Lithuania [7] EU28
LU - Luxembourg [7] EU28
LV - Latvia [7] EU28
ME - Montenegro [9] EU28+4+CC
MK - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia [9] EU28+4+CC
MT - Malta [7] EU28
NL - Netherlands [7] EU28
NO - Norway [9] EU28+4
PL - Poland [7] EU28
PT - Portugal [7] EU28
RO - Romania [7] EU28
SE - Sweden [7] EU28
Sl - Slovenia [7] EU28
SK - Slovakia [7] EU28
TR - Turkey [9] EU28+4+CC
UK - United Kingdom [7] EU28

Figure 1.5. ESPON NUTS division 2010 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

ESPON NUTS division 2010 at levels 1, 2 and 3.

An extract of codes has been put on the layer in order to have a global overivew of the differences with the other NUTS versions.

[Warning]

In July 2014, some codes of the spatial units in Croatia have been updated in this Nomenclature NUTS 2010. The codes referenced in [9] as HR01 and HR02 become HR04 in the updated version. More precisely, the Table 1.5 describe the changes.

Table 1.5. Update of Unit Codes for Croatia in NUTS 2010 Nomenclature
Previous version Updated version (July 2014)
unit code unit name unit code unit name
HR01Sjeverozapadna Hrvatska
HR02Središnja i Istočna (Panonska) Hrvatska
HR04Kontinentalna Hrvatska
HR011Grad ZagrebHR041Grad Zagreb
HR012Zagrebačka županijaHR042Zagrebačka županija
HR013Krapinsko-zagorska županijaHR043Krapinsko-zagorska županija
HR014Varaždinska županijaHR044Varaždinska županija
HR015Koprivničko-križevačka županijaHR045Koprivničko-križevačka županija
HR016Međimurska županijaHR046Međimurska županija
HR021Bjelovarsko-bilogorska županijaHR047Bjelovarsko-bilogorska županija
HR022Virovitičko-podravska županijaHR048Virovitičko-podravska županija
HR023Požeško-slavonska županijaHR049Požeško-slavonska županija
HR024Brodsko-posavska županijaHR04ABrodsko-posavska županija
HR025Osječko-baranjska županijaHR04BOsječko-baranjska županija
HR026Vukovarsko-srijemska županijaHR04CVukovarsko-srijemska županija
HR027Karlovačka županijaHR04DKarlovačka županija
HR028Sisačko-moslavačka županijaHR04ESisačko-moslavačka županija