Multifunctionality is estimated as the number of ecosystem services performing above the median value computed for all grid-cells in Europe. Proxy indicators for eight ecosystem services produced in the framework of the Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) process were selected to estimate multifunctionality in relation to biodiversity (B), water (W), and climate (C) policies. For example, the ecosystem capacity to retain water contributes to water and climate policies by mitigating flood risk and enhancing community resilience to natural disasters. The complete set of selected ecosystem services indicators are: Gross Nutrient Balance (C), Habitat Quality index (B), Net Ecosystem Productivity (C, B), Relative Pollination (B), Soil Erosion Control (W), Water Purification (W), Water Retention Index (C, W).
The raster dataset is categorical; it has 1ha spatial resolution and six classes: “1”=Monofunctional GI supporting a single policy (SP); “2”=Bifunctional supporting a single policy (SP)”; “3”= Multifunctional supporting a single policy (SP); “4”= Monofunctional supporting multiple policies (MP); “5”= Bifunctional supporting multiple policies (MP); “6”= Multifunctional supporting multiple policies (MP).
Theme(s): Environment and Energy - Science and Technology - Territorial Structure - Territorial Structures and Land Use