Indicator: Fragmented Europe: Interregional comparison of income

Regional income-based typology. The typology of incomes is built on two dimensions: (1) the level of income per inhabitant compared to national average in 2016; (2) the growth of income per inhabitant between 2006 and 2016 compared to national average. The aim of the indicator is to identify the relative position of regions in comparison with their national context.
Income per capita is based on 2016 figures, except for France, the Netherlands, Poland (2015), Bulgaria, Denmark, Italy and Slovenia (2017).
Annual income growth is based on 2006 and 2016 figures, except for France, the Netherlands, Poland (2006-2015), Bulgaria, Denmark, Italy and Slovenia (2006-2017).
Data for the NUTS 2016 classification was not available for two Polish regions (Warszawski stoleczny, Mazowiecki regionalny), so the NUTS 2013 unit was used (region of Mazowieckie).

Theme(s): Territorial Structure - Territorial Structures and Land Use

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Introduction

Author
ESPON project
Contact(s)
  • Andreu Ulied (Project leader)
Territorial information
Spatial Extent Nomenclature
name version level
EU28 NUTS 2016 2
Years
2006-2016
Completude
Year Tunit Area GDP Pop
2006 99 96 97 84

Methodology

The typology is based on both parent indicators: primary income per capita at t+1 and growth of income per capita between t and t+1.
Each region is classified based on the distance to the national average (na) situation (in %) or trend (in percentage point - pp).
Front-runners: inh-inco > na + 10% AND gro-inco > na - 0.3pp
Left-behind: inh-inco < na - 10% AND gro-inco < na + 0.3pp
Losing pace: inh-inco > na - 10% AND gro-inco < na - 0.3pp
Catching up: inh-inco < na + 10% AND gro-inco > na + 0.3pp
Median profile: na - 10% < inh-inco < na + 10% AND na - 0.3pp < gro-inco < na + 0.3pp

Genealogy

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Parents

Child

None!

Other attributes

Id
1074
Status
Key indicator
Name
Fragmented Europe: Interregional comparison of income
Code
frag-inc
Is standard?
True
Is base indicator?
False
Type
Single
Data type
Enumerated
Unit of measure - Numerator / Denominator Name
None
Unit of measure - Numerator / Denominator Scale
None
Is a ranking?
False
Main Theme
Territorial Structure - Territorial Structures and Land Use
Nature type
Typology
Labels
Name Description
Front-runners Regions with high levels of income and medium-high growth rates; mainly located in capital regions and strong economic regions like southern Germany, northern Italy or Catalonia
Catching up Regions with low-medium levels of income and high income growth; mainly in central Europe and peripheral areas (e.g. Scottish highlands, Galicia/Norte, outermost regions)
Losing pace Regions with medium-high levels of income and low income growth; found all over Europe and around some capital areas; some might be at risk of being left behind in the long run.
Left behind Regions with low levels of income and low-medium income growth; mainly located in southeast and southern Europe but also in other parts, especially the UK and central Europe
Median profile Regions with medium level of income and medium income growth; found in almost all countries (except for southeast Europe), they can be understood as representative of their country.

Statistics

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