The spatial pattern for the typology of the relationship between weighted intensity and balance for the goods/services/capital basket resembles a mosaic. One can observe single areas with highly intensive senders in Scotland, northern Sweden and Norway, and the Randstad. On the other hand, there are single regions which are highly intensive receivers, such as Luxembourg. In general, peripheral areas in the east and south of the ESPON space are mostly non-intensive or moderately intensive senders. The position of metropolitan areas, including capitals, differs. Within the EU core, they are often non-intensive receivers (e.g. Paris, Frankfurt, Rome), while in the periphery they are moderately intensive senders (Warsaw, Bucharest, Prague). This may indicate an internal imbalance within the network of major European cities.
Theme(s): Economy, finance and trade - Economy, Finance and Trade