Two-dimensional weighted intensity-balance analysis for the people basket gives very interesting spa-tial results. The highly intensive receivers in the people basket are mainly tourist areas, i.e. islands in the Mediterranean, the Algarve in Portugal, the Dalmatian coast in Croatia, and the Alpine region in Austria and Switzerland. Most capitals and small urban regions also belong to highly intensive receivers, but what is quite surprising in this group is the absence of certain well-known strong tourist, migration, and labour-mobility attractors like Paris, Madrid, and Rome. Most of the highly intensive receivers are sur-rounded by highly intensive senders, as is natural, because the NUTS 2 regions surrounding strong centers are mainly the so-called migration and labour-mobility catchments. The typology confirmed the large role played by internal flows (migration and tourism). In this respect, countries closer to the EU core have flows of higher intensity than do peripheral countries in the east and south of ESPON space. However, in both cases there are strong internal balance differences. They testify to the high concentra-tion of receivers within almost all European countries. It is also noticeable that regions of extremely dif-ferent types are located next to each other. This is observed in the eastern German Länder, but also in the Alpine Macroregion and in the UK. This confirms the thesis that the distribution of flows of people differentiates the European space more strongly than traditional socio-economic indicators.
Theme(s): Economy, finance and trade - Population and living conditions - Population and Living Conditions