ESPON project package: 'BRIDGES - Territories with Geographical Specificities'

This readme file describes the content of this package.



Regions with specific territorial features have received increasing attention in recent years, most notably in article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Key policy documents identify the specific types of territories in two ways: as having particular challenges, and as having particular assets, many of benefit to Europe as a whole. Addressing the opportunities and challenges of specific types of territories implies that these territories need to be considered in context rather than ‘singled out’. In general, territorial cooperation seems to be a natural component of policies targeting geographically specific areas, in view of ensuring a sustainable development based on regional comparative advantages. The European level has an obvious role to play in promoting territorial cooperation beyond national borders. Gaining a better understanding of the territories with geographic specificities and their relevant challenges and opportunities is therefore crucial for the European policy dialogue and debate for developing Cohesion Policy post-2020 and a renewed Territorial Agenda for Europe which is due to be adopted by 2021.

The following types of territories constitute the main focus for this project: sparsely populated regions; mountain regions; Islands, including island-states and coastal areas.


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